Journal article

Determinants of Body Fat in Infants of Women With Gestational Diabetes Mellitus Differ With Fetal Sex

Barbara E Lingwood, Alexandra M Henry, Michael C d'Emden, Amanda-Mei Fullerton, Robin H Mortimer, Paul B Colditz, Kim-Anh Le Cao, Leonie K Callaway



OBJECTIVE: Neonatal adiposity is a well-recognized complication of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM). This study aimed to identify factors influencing adiposity in male and female infants of women treated for GDM. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: This was a prospective study of 84 women with GDM. Daily blood glucose levels (BGLs) were retrieved from glucose meters, and overall mean fasting and mean 2-h postprandial BGLs were calculated for each woman. Infant body composition was measured at birth, and regression analysis was used to identify significant predictors of infant body fat separately in male and female infants. RESULTS: Maternal fasting BGL was the major predictor of adiposity in mal..

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University of Melbourne Researchers