Journal article

The Complex Role of Apolipoprotein E in Alzheimer's Disease: an Overview and Update

Laura Mahoney-Sanchez, Abdel Ali Belaidi, Ashley I Bush, Scott Ayton

JOURNAL OF MOLECULAR NEUROSCIENCE | HUMANA PRESS INC | Published : 2016

Abstract

Apolipoprotein E (ApoE) plays a crucial role in the homeostatic control of lipids in both the periphery and the central nervous system (CNS). In humans, ApoE exists in three different isoforms: ε2, ε3 and ε4. ApoE ε3 is the most common isoform, while the ε4 isoform confers the greatest genetic risk for Alzheimer's disease (AD). However, the mechanisms underlying how ApoE contributes to the pathogenesis of AD are still debated. ApoE has been shown to impact amyloid β (Aβ) deposition and clearance in the brain. ApoE also has Aβ-independent pathways in AD, which has led to the discovery of new roles of ApoE ranging from mitochondria dysfunction to, most recently, iron metabolism. Here, we revie..

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