Dietary protein intake and risk of type 2 diabetes: results from the Melbourne Collaborative Cohort Study and a meta-analysis of prospective studies
Xianwen Shang, David Scott, Allison M Hodge, Dallas R English, Graham G Giles, Peter R Ebeling, Kerrie M Sanders
AMERICAN JOURNAL OF CLINICAL NUTRITION | OXFORD UNIV PRESS | Published : 2016
BACKGROUND: Reported associations between protein intake from different sources and type 2 diabetes (T2D) have been inconsistent. OBJECTIVE: We prospectively examined the relations of total, animal, and plant protein intakes with incident T2D. DESIGN: We followed 21,523 participants (women: 61.7%) between 1990 and 2007 from the Melbourne Collaborative Cohort Study who were free of diabetes, cardiovascular disease, cancer, and kidney stones at baseline. We also conducted a meta-analysis that included the results from our cohort and from 10 previous prospective studies. RESULTS: A total of 929 new cases (4.3%) of T2D were documented during a mean of 11.7 y of follow-up. Multivariate-adjusted O..View full abstract
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Supported by the VicHealth and Cancer Council Victoria and the Australian National Health and Medical Research Council (grants 209057, 251553, and 504711) and by infrastructure provided by the Cancer Council Victoria.