Journal article

Dietary protein intake and risk of type 2 diabetes: results from the Melbourne Collaborative Cohort Study and a meta-analysis of prospective studies

Xianwen Shang, David Scott, Allison M Hodge, Dallas R English, Graham G Giles, Peter R Ebeling, Kerrie M Sanders

AMERICAN JOURNAL OF CLINICAL NUTRITION | OXFORD UNIV PRESS | Published : 2016

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Reported associations between protein intake from different sources and type 2 diabetes (T2D) have been inconsistent. OBJECTIVE: We prospectively examined the relations of total, animal, and plant protein intakes with incident T2D. DESIGN: We followed 21,523 participants (women: 61.7%) between 1990 and 2007 from the Melbourne Collaborative Cohort Study who were free of diabetes, cardiovascular disease, cancer, and kidney stones at baseline. We also conducted a meta-analysis that included the results from our cohort and from 10 previous prospective studies. RESULTS: A total of 929 new cases (4.3%) of T2D were documented during a mean of 11.7 y of follow-up. Multivariate-adjusted O..

View full abstract