Journal article

Does maternal smoking have a negative physiological effect on breastfeeding? The epidemiological evidence

LH Amir, SM Donath

Birth | WILEY | Published : 2002


BACKGROUND: Women who smoke are less likely to breastfeed their children than nonsmokers. It is thought that nicotine has a negative effect on breastmilk supply by suppressing prolactin levels. The aim of this review was to assess the epidemiological evidence that maternal smoking has a negative physiological effect on breastfeeding. METHODS: The following data sources were searched: The Cochrane Library, Medline, CINAHL, Current Contents, Psychinfo, Sociological Abstracts and the Lactation Resource Centre (Australian Breastfeeding Association) using the key words "smoking" and "breastfeeding" or "infant feeding." The Journal of Human Lactation and Birth were hand searched. RESULTS: Women wh..

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