Journal article

Cerebral radiation necrosis: Incidence, outcomes, and risk factors with emphasis on radiation parameters and chemotherapy

Jeremy D Ruben, Michael Dally, Michael Bailey, Robin Smith, Catriona A McLean, Pasqual Fedele

International Journal of Radiation Oncology • Biology • Physics | ELSEVIER SCIENCE INC | Published : 2006

Abstract

PURPOSE: To investigate radiation necrosis in patients treated for glioma in terms of incidence, outcomes, predictive and prognostic factors. METHODS AND MATERIALS: Records were reviewed for 426 patients followed up until death or for at least 3 years. Logistic regression analysis was performed to identify predictive and prognostic factors. Multivariate survival analysis was conducted using Cox proportional hazards regression. Separate analyses were performed for the subset of 352 patients who received a biologically effective dose (BED) > or =85.5 Gy2 (> or =45 Gy/25 fractions) who were at highest risk for radionecrosis. RESULTS: Twenty-one patients developed radionecrosis (4.9%). Actuarial..

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