Hypotensive effect of low-fat, high-carbohydrate diet can be independent of changes in plasma insulin concentrations.
NE Straznicky, CJ O'Callaghan, VE Barrington, WJ Louis
Hypertension | Published : 1999
To examine the relationship between diet, blood pressure, and plasma insulin concentrations, we studied 14 healthy males who were prescribed low-fat and high-fat diets. The low-fat diet contained 25% (of energy intake) fat and 54% carbohydrate; the high-fat diet was 45% fat (predominantly saturated fat) and 36% carbohydrate. The diets were consumed over consecutive 2-week periods in random sequence, separated by a 2-week washout period. Resting supine systolic and diastolic blood pressures decreased significantly by 7 and 3 mm Hg, respectively, and plasma total cholesterol, LDL cholesterol, and HDL cholesterol concentrations all fell (by 21.6%, 25.7%, and 18.0%, respectively; all P<0.001) on..View full abstract