Lymphocytic hypophysitis. The clinical spectrum of the disorder and evidence for an autoimmune pathogenesis.
RG Pestell, JD Best, FP Alford
Clin Endocrinol (Oxf) | Published : 1990
Lymphocytic hypophysitis, a rare disease hitherto restricted to women, usually presents with symptoms of hypopituitarism in relationship to pregnancy. Two patients who developed pituitary insufficiency from lymphocytic hypophysitis are described. In the first, visual deterioration due to chiasmal compression from hypophysitis arising in ectopic pituitary tissue responded to bromocriptine and corticosteroids. In the second, an insidious onset of hypopituitarism occurred over 5 years in an elderly male. Combined HLA and complement typing confirmed that both patients shared MHC class I, II and III alleles. These class II and III alleles have been described in association with Hashimoto's thyroi..View full abstract