Journal article

IMPAIRED GLUCOSE-TOLERANCE AFTER ENDURANCE EXERCISE IS ASSOCIATED WITH REDUCED INSULIN-SECRETION RATHER THAN ALTERED INSULIN SENSITIVITY

RG PESTELL, GM WARD, P GALVIN, JD BEST, FP ALFORD

METABOLISM-CLINICAL AND EXPERIMENTAL | W B SAUNDERS CO | Published : 1993

Abstract

Paired frequently sampled intravenous glucose tolerance tests (FSIGT) were performed on five highly trained athletes within 2 hours of completing a 6-day ultramarathon run (E) and after 2 weeks of complete rest (R). Severe exercise increased free fatty acid (FFA) levels (E 1.2 +/- 0.16 v 0.42 +/- 0.07 mmol/L, P < .01) and norepinephrine levels (E 573 +/- 141 v 224 +/- 33 pg/mL, P < .01), with only moderate reductions in glucose tolerance (glucose disappearance [Kg] E 1.06 +/- 0.2 v R 1.7 +/- 0.3 min-1 x 10(2), P < .05). The minimal model analysis of FSIGT data using the method of Bergman et al (Endocr Rev 6:45-86, 1985) showed a reduced second-phase insulin secretion ([phi 2] E 5.2 +/- 1.3 v..

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