Antacid-induced phosphate depletion syndrome presenting as nephrolithiasis.
DL Harmelin, FI Martin, JD Wark
Aust N Z J Med | Published : 1990
A 29-year-old insulin-dependent diabetic woman developed phosphate depletion, nephrolithiasis and bilateral ureteric obstruction due to antacid abuse. Unlike previous descriptions of chronic phosphate depletion, myalgia, weakness and bone pain were absent. Biochemical features included hypophosphataemia, hypercalciuria, hypophosphaturia, elevated plasma, 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D and low plasma intact parathyroid hormone. These abnormalities were corrected when antacid ingestion was reduced and phosphate intake supplemented. We propose that phosphate depletion secondary to antacid abuse caused 1 alpha-hydroxylase activation and elevation of the plasma 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D level, leading to ..View full abstract