Salmonella meningitis in children in Blantyre, Malawi, 1996-1999.
EM Molyneux, AL Walsh, G Malenga, S Rogerson, ME Molyneux
Paediatrics and International Child Health | Published : 2000
Sixty-one episodes of Salmonella meningitis were identified during a 3-year period from February 1996 to January 1999 inclusive. These accounted for 6.8% of all the acute bacterial meningitis cases seen during this time. In contrast, only two children were admitted with Salmonella meningitis in 1982. The increase may reflect the rise in HIV disease and the associated increase in Salmonella septicaemia. All but one child were under 2 years of age, only six children were well nourished and anaemia was common. The prognosis was poor: 33 (58%) died, 19 made a full recovery and five developed sequelae. Two children relapsed, one of whom died. Patients were routinely treated with chloramphenicol, ..View full abstract