Journal article

Labour Market Inequality in Australia

J Borland, M Coelli

Economic Record | John Wiley & Sons | Published : 2016


This article reviews developments in labour market inequality in Australia. First, descriptive information on changes in labour market inequality and on the causes of those changes is integrated with a summary of findings from recent research. Second, the effect of changes in labour market inequality on income inequality is evaluated. Third, evidence on differences in earnings and employment outcomes between specific groups - by gender, Indigenous status and country of birth - is considered. Finally, some suggestions for future research are presented.


Awarded by ARC Discovery Grant

Funding Acknowledgements

We are grateful for feedback from participants at a seminar at the Centre for Sustainable Organisations and Work at RMIT. We also thank Andrew Clarke, Boyd Hunter, Mike Keating, Andrew Leigh, Mike Pottenger and Roger Wilkins, as well as an anonymous referee and the Editor, for very useful suggestions and assistance with data. Mael Guillou and Alan Weiss provided excellent research assistance. This research has been funded in part by ARC Discovery Grant DP160102269. Unit record data from the Household, Income and Labour Dynamics in Australia (HILDA) Survey have been used for some analysis reported in this article. The HILDA Survey is funded by the Australian Government Department of Social Services (DSS) and is managed by the Melbourne Institute of Applied Economic and Social Research (MIAESR). Any interpretation of data is the responsibility of the authors, and should not be attributed to the DSS or the MIAESR.