Journal article

An International Urogynecological Association (IUGA)/International Continence Society (ICS) joint report on the terminology for female anorectal dysfunction

Abdul H Sultan, Ash Monga, Joseph Lee, Anton Emmanuel, Christine Norton, Giulio Santoro, Tracy Hull, Bary Berghmans, Stuart Brody, Bernard T Haylen



INTRODUCTION AND HYPOTHESIS: The terminology for anorectal dysfunction in women has long been in need of a specific clinically-based Consensus Report. METHODS: This Report combines the input of members of the Standardization and Terminology Committees of two International Organizations, the International Urogynecological Association (IUGA) and the International Continence Society (ICS), assisted on Committee by experts in their fields to form a Joint IUGA/ICS Working Group on Female Anorectal Terminology. Appropriate core clinical categories and sub classifications were developed to give an alphanumeric coding to each definition. An extensive process of twenty rounds of internal and external..

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Funding Acknowledgements

Dr. Sultan has patent on anal sphincter blocks with royalties paid to the Mayday Childbirth Charity fund. He described the Sultan Classification of third degree tears and runs hands-on workshops on Perineal and Anal Sphincter Trauma (; A Monga: reports being Consultant for Gynecare and AMS and Speaker for Astellas and Pfizer and advisor for Allergan.; Dr. Lee reports personal fees from AMS, personal fees from BSCI, during the conduct of the study; Dr. Emmanuel served on advisory boards for Coloplast, Shire, Pfizer. Honoraria for talks from these companies as well as Ferring and AstraZeneca; Dr. Norton reported Consultancy for SCA, Coloplast, Shire, Dr Falk, Clinimed; Dr. Santoro has nothing to disclose; Dr. Hull has nothing to disclose; Dr. Berghmans has nothing to disclose; Dr. Brody has nothing to disclose; Dr. Haylen has nothing to disclose.