Journal article

Vivax malaria: More severe and more resistant

B Genton, I Mueller

Therapy | Published : 2010


The current dogma is that Plasmodium falciparum can lead to severe disease and death, whereas Plasmodium vivax is usually benign. Recent large prospective studies have demonstrated that P. vivax alone is associated with severe manifestations similar to those defining P. falciparum malaria. The proportion of severe malaria among P. vivax patients in Papua ranged from 3 to 23%, and the case-fatality rate from 0.8 to 1.6%. The prominent clinical features differ from site to site, severe anemia being the most common in Papua, respiratory distress in Papua New Guinea and hepatic failure and jaundice in India. This new paradigm is complicated by the spread of P. vivax resistance to chloroquine wit..

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University of Melbourne Researchers