Aetiology of diarrhoea in adequately nourished young African children in Durban, South Africa.
MK Mackenjee, YM Coovadia, HM Coovadia, J Hewitt, RM Robins-Browne
Ann Trop Paediatr | Published : 1984
Two inter-related hospital-based studies on the causes of diarrhoea in African children who were not overtly malnourished, were performed over a period of two years in Durban, South Africa. The first study involved 126 inpatients selected for previously untreated diarrhoea of less than 96 h duration. On examination and culture of the stools of these children bacteria were identified in 60%, rotavirus in 20% and parasites in 4%. No pathogens were identified in 33%. The bacteria most frequently encountered were Campylobacter jejuni (21%), enteropathogenic Escherichia coli (EPEC) (18%), enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli (ETEC) (11%) and salmonella (8%). Of those cases having an identifiable caus..View full abstract