EPIDEMIC OF PATHOLOGIC MYOPIA What Can Laboratory Studies and Epidemiology Tell Us?
Ian G Morgan, Mingguang He, Kathryn A Rose
Retina | LIPPINCOTT WILLIAMS & WILKINS | Published : 2017
PURPOSE: To systematically review epidemiologic and laboratory studies on the etiology of high myopia and its links to pathologic myopia. METHODS: Regular Medline searches have been performed for the past 20 years, using "myopia" as the basic search term. The abstracts of all articles have been scrutinized for relevance, and where necessary, translations of articles in languages other than English were obtained. RESULTS: Systematic review shows that there is an epidemic of myopia and high myopia in young adults in East and Southeast Asia, with similar but smaller trends in other parts of the world. This suggests an impending epidemic of pathologic myopia. High myopia in young adults in East ..View full abstract
Awarded by Australian National Health and Medical Research Council
Supported by the Australian National Health and Medical Research Council (APP1034329) (to I.G.M. and K.R.) and the University of Melbourne Research at Melbourne Accelerator Program (to M.H.).