EFFECTS OF SOME GABA-MIMETIC DRUGS ON THE ANTINOCICEPTIVE ACTIVITY OF MORPHINE AND BETA-ENDORPHIN IN RATS
N ZONTA, F ZAMBOTTI, L VICENTINI, R TAMMISO, P MANTEGAZZA
NAUNYN-SCHMIEDEBERGS ARCHIVES OF PHARMACOLOGY | SPRINGER | Published : 1981
Intracerebroventricular administration of muscimol, a potent GABA-receptor agonist, counteracted the antinociceptive effect of morphine or beta-endorphin in rats as measured by the "tail flick" method. Muscimol's activity was reversed by bicuculline. Isoguvacine, another GABA agonist, as well as nipecotic acid and guvacine, two inhibitors of neuronal and glial uptake of GABA, also antagonized morphine's antinociceptive effect. A role of the central GABA-ergic system in mediating opiate antinociception is proposed.