Journal article

LOCAL NEURAL CONTROL OF INTESTINAL MOTILITY - NERVE CIRCUITS DEDUCED FOR THE GUINEA-PIG SMALL-INTESTINE

JC BORNSTEIN

CLINICAL AND EXPERIMENTAL PHARMACOLOGY AND PHYSIOLOGY | BLACKWELL SCIENCE | Published : 1994

Abstract

1. Propulsion of digesta along the intestine appears to occur by the action of a series of local reflexes which cause contraction oral to the digesta and relaxation of circular muscle on the anal side. 2. There is now substantial evidence available about the identities of the enteric neurons that mediate these reflexes. 3. The motor neurons and interneurons of the reflex pathways lie within the myenteric plexus. These neurons can be classified electrophysiologically as S-neurons and have distinctive projections and neurochemistries. 4. The sensory neurons may lie in the myenteric plexus, but there is some evidence for sensory neurons in the submucous plexus. A contribution from extrinsic sen..

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University of Melbourne Researchers