Mapping tissue angiotensin-converting enzyme and angiotensin AT1, AT2 and AT4 receptors.
J Zhuo, I Moeller, T Jenkins, SY Chai, AM Allen, M Ohishi, FA Mendelsohn
J Hypertens | Published : 1998
BACKGROUND: The renin-angiotensin system (RAS) functions as both a circulating endocrine system and a tissue paracrine/autocrine system. As a circulating peptide, angiotensin II (Ang II) plays a prominent role in blood-pressure control and body fluid and electrolyte balance by acting on the AT1 receptor in the brain and peripheral tissues. As a paracrine/autocrine peptide, locally formed Ang II also plays additional roles in tissues involving the regulation of regional haemodynamics, cell growth and remodelling, and neurotransmitter release. Evidence is emerging that Ang II is not the only active peptide of the RAS, and other Ang II fragments may also have important biological activities. OB..View full abstract