Early risk and protective factors for problem gambling: A systematic review and meta-analysis of longitudinal studies
NA Dowling, SS Merkouris, CJ Greenwood, E Oldenhof, JW Toumbourou, GJ Youssef
CLINICAL PSYCHOLOGY REVIEW | PERGAMON-ELSEVIER SCIENCE LTD | Published : 2017
This systematic review aimed to identify early risk and protective factors (in childhood, adolescence or young adulthood) longitudinally associated with the subsequent development of gambling problems. A systematic search of peer-reviewed and grey literature from 1990 to 2015 identified 15 studies published in 23 articles. Meta-analyses quantified the effect size of 13 individual risk factors (alcohol use frequency, antisocial behaviours, depression, male gender, cannabis use, illicit drug use, impulsivity, number of gambling activities, problem gambling severity, sensation seeking, tobacco use, violence, undercontrolled temperament), one relationship risk factor (peer antisocial behaviours)..View full abstract
This project was supported by a Research, Knowledge Translation and Exchange Award from the Ontario Problem Gambling Research Centre and the Ministry of Health and Long Term Care. The funding source had no role in the design of the review, data collection, statistical analysis, interpretation of the data, or in the manuscript preparation.