Journal article

Changes in mitochondrial morphology and organization can enhance energy supply from mitochondrial oxidative phosphorylation in diabetic cardiomyopathy

Jan Jarosz, Shouryadipta Ghosh, Lea MD Delbridge, Amorita Petzer, Anthony JR Hickey, Edmund J Crampin, Eric Hanssen, Vijay Rajagopal

AMERICAN JOURNAL OF PHYSIOLOGY-CELL PHYSIOLOGY | AMER PHYSIOLOGICAL SOC | Published : 2017

Abstract

Diabetic cardiomyopathy is accompanied by metabolic and ultrastructural alterations, but the impact of the structural changes on metabolism itself is yet to be determined. Morphometric analysis of mitochondrial shape and spatial organization within transverse sections of cardiomyocytes from control and streptozotocin-induced type I diabetic Sprague-Dawley rats revealed that mitochondria are 20% smaller in size while their spatial density increases by 53% in diabetic cells relative to control myocytes. Diabetic cells formed larger clusters of mitochondria (60% more mitochondria per cluster) and the effective surface-to-volume ratio of these clusters increased by 22.5%. Using a biophysical com..

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