Journal article

The type I interferon system protects mice from Semliki Forest virus by preventing widespread virus dissemination in extraneural tissues, but does not mediate the restricted replication of avirulent virus in central nervous system neurons

Rennos Fragkoudis, Lucy Breakwell, Clive McKimmie, Amanda Boyd, Gerald Barry, Alain Kohl, Andres Merits, John K Fazakerley

JOURNAL OF GENERAL VIROLOGY | MICROBIOLOGY SOC | Published : 2007

Abstract

Semliki Forest virus (SFV) infection of the mouse provides a powerful model to study the pathogenesis of virus encephalitis. SFV and other alphavirus-based vector systems are increasingly used in biotechnology and medicine. This study analysed the strong susceptibility of this virus to type I interferon (IFN) responses. Following intraperitoneal infection of adult mice, SFV strain A7(74) was efficiently (100 %) neuroinvasive. In contrast, SFV4 was poorly (21 %) neuroinvasive. Upon entry into the brain, both viruses activated type I IFN responses. As determined by quantitative RT-PCR, activation of the IFN-alpha gene was proportional to virus RNA load. An intact type I IFN system was required..

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