Journal article

IgG subclass antibodies to glutamic acid decarboxylase and risk for progression to clinical insulin-dependent diabetes

JJ Couper, LC Harrison, JJE Aldis, PG Colman, MC Honeyman, A Ferrante

Human Immunology | ELSEVIER SCIENCE INC | Published : 1998

Abstract

Pancreatic islet beta cell destruction leading to insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (IDDM) is believed to be mediated by a T-helper 1 (T(H)1) lymphocyte response to islet antigens. In the mouse, T(H)1 (IL-2, IFN-gamma) and T(H)2 (IL-4, -5, -6, -10) responses are associated with the generation of IgG2a and IgG1 subclasses, respectively. The equivalent human subclasses have not been defined. Because the IgG subclass response to an antigen may be a potentially useful marker of T(H)1/T(H)2 immune balance we measured IgG subclass antibodies to glutamic acid decarboxylase (GAD), a major islet autoantigen in IDDM, in 34 newly-diagnosed IDDM patients and in 28 at-risk, first-degree relatives of pe..

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