Conference Proceedings

Do glutamic acid decarboxylase antibodies improve the prediction of IDDM in first-degree relatives at risk for IDDM?

RS Schmidli, PG Colman, LC Harrison

Journal of Autoimmunity | Published : 1994


To determine whether the predictive value of islet cell antibodies (ICA) and insulin autoantibodies (IAA) is increased by measurement of glutamic acid decarboxylase antibodies (GADAb) in first-degree relatives of patients with insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (IDDM), we measured GADAb in those developing IDDM and in relatives found to be ICA- or IAA-positive in our family screening study. First-degree relatives (n = 2904) were followed for 2.4 (median, range 0.04-5.8) years. Of the subjects developing IDDM, 11/14 (78%) had ICA > or = 20JDF units, 1/14 (7%) had IAA > or = 100 nU/ml and 6/14 (43%) had GADAb (> or = 460 nU/ml, measured by precipitation of enzymatic activity). Of the four sub..

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