Glucocorticoids did not reverse type 1 diabetes mellitus secondary to pembrolizumab in a patient with metastatic melanoma.
Jasna Aleksova, Peter KH Lau, Georgia Soldatos, Grant McArthur
BMJ Case Reports | Published : 2016
Immune checkpoint inhibitors offer patients with advanced melanoma substantial improvements in survival. Unlike chemotherapy, immune checkpoint inhibitors such as ipilimumab and pembrolizumab cause unique immune-related adverse events (irAEs), including the development of endocrinopathies. We report a case of a man aged 60 years who developed diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) following the use of pembrolizumab for the treatment of metastatic melanoma. He received four cycles of ipilimumab, before proceeding to pembrolizumab. Five weeks after initiating pembrolizumab, he presented in DKA with a pH of 7.0, bicarbonate of 7 mmol/L, blood glucose of 27 mmol/L and serum ketones of 5.9 mmol/L. Antibodie..View full abstract