Early Holocene groundwater table fluctuations in relation to rice domestication in the middle Yangtze River basin, China
Tao Liu, Yan Liu, Qianli Sun, Yongqiang Zong, Brian Finlayson, Zhongyuan Chen
Quaternary Science Reviews | Elsevier | Published : 2017
The early Holocene environmental amelioration stimulated the trajectory of Neolithic farming cultures and specific geographic settings played a role in determining the nature of these cultures. Using microfossil evidence, the present study reveals that the fluctuations of the groundwater table substantially influenced rice domestication in the Dongting Lake area of the middle Yangtze River basin in the early Holocene. Our 14C-dated sediment core taken from the Bashidang (BSD) Neolithic site contains evidence that the site was a floodplain prior to human occupation ca. 8600 years ago. Poaceae, which contained wild rice (Oryza sp.) as indicated by combined pollen and phytolith evidence, and lo..View full abstract
Awarded by China National Natural Science Foundation
Awarded by Natural Foundation of Hubei Province
Awarded by Open Foundation of Regional Development and Environmental Response Key Laboratory of Hubei Province
Our sincere appreciation is given to Prof. W.M. Guo, director of Cultural Relics and Archaeology Institute of Hunan Province China, who kindly supported this collaborative study. This study is financially supported by China National Natural Science Foundation (Grant Nos. 41272194, 41501005, 41671199), Natural Foundation of Hubei Province (2015CFB704) and Open Foundation of Regional Development and Environmental Response Key Laboratory of Hubei Province (2015(C)004).