Anti-renal cell carcinoma chimeric antibody G250: cytokine enhancement of in vitro antibody-dependent cellular cytotoxicity.
Zhanqi Liu, Fiona E Smyth, Christoph Renner, Fook-Thean Lee, Egbert Oosterwijk, Andrew M Scott
Cancer Immunology, Immunotherapy | Published : 2002
The chimeric monoclonal antibody cG250 targets the G250 antigen, a transmembrane protein which is expressed on renal carcinoma cells and is identical to the MN/CAIX antigen. In vitro studies have previously demonstrated that cG250 induces antibody-dependent cellular cytotoxicity (ADCC) of G250-positive targets. In order to investigate the upregulation of ADCC mediated by cG250, ADCC was examined using effector cells cultured in the presence or absence of the cytokines interferon-gamma (IFN-gamma), interferon-alpha isoforms IFN-alpha (2a) and IFN-alpha (2b) and interleukin-2 (IL-2), and the time course of effects over a 7-day period was determined. Renal cell carcinoma lines expressing high (..View full abstract