Epidemiology of syphilis in Australia: moving toward elimination of infectious syphilis from remote Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander communities?
James S Ward, Rebecca J Guy, Snehal P Akre, Melanie G Middleton, Carolien M Giele, Jiunn Y Su, Craig A Davis, Handan Wand, Janet B Knox, Patricia S Fagan, Basil Donovan, John M Kaldor, Darren B Russell
The Medical Journal of Australia | Published : 2011
OBJECTIVE: To describe the epidemiology of infectious syphilis among Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander (Indigenous) people in Australia. DESIGN AND SETTING: We assessed trends in national infectious syphilis notification rates from 2005 to 2009 using Poisson regression, with a focus on geographic and demographic differences by Indigenous status. We compared Indigenous and non-Indigenous rate ratios over the study period and summarised the annual changes (summary rate ratio). MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Crude notification rates and summary rate ratios by Indigenous status, jurisdiction, sex, age group and area of residence. RESULTS: From 2005 to 2009, in the Indigenous population, there was a ..View full abstract