Journal article

PHOSPHOTYROSINE AS A SPECIFICITY DETERMINANT FOR CASEIN KINASE-2, A GROWTH RELATED SER/THR-SPECIFIC PROTEIN-KINASE

F MEGGIO, JW PERICH, EC REYNOLDS, LA PINNA

FEBS LETTERS | ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV | Published : 1991

Abstract

The motif Ser-Ser-Ser-Glu-Glu is readily phosphorylated by casein kinase-2 (CK-2), a growth-related protein kinase whose consensus sequence is Ser(Thr)-Xaa-Xaa-Glu(Asp) [(1990) Biochim. Biophys. Acta 1054, 267-283]. Here we show that phosphotyrosine can replace carboxylic acids as specificity determinant for CK-2 phosphorylation, the phosphotyrosyl peptide Ser-Ser-Ser-TyrP-TyrP actually being a substrate more efficient than Ser-Ser-Ser-Glu-Glu itself both in terms of Km (0.69 vs 2.43 mM) and Vmax. Prior dephosphorylation of phosphotyrosine entirely prevents the subsequent phosphorylation of serine by CK-2. While Ser-Ser-Ser-TyrP-TyrP is a better substrate than Ser-Ser-Ser-SerP-SerP, which in..

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University of Melbourne Researchers