Journal article

ROLE OF PHOSPHORYLATED AMINOACYL RESIDUES IN GENERATING ATYPICAL CONSENSUS SEQUENCES WHICH ARE RECOGNIZED BY CASEIN KINASE-2 BUT NOT BY CASEIN KINASE-1

JW PERICH, F MEGGIO, EC REYNOLDS, O MARIN, LA PINNA

BIOCHEMISTRY | AMER CHEMICAL SOC | Published : 1992

Abstract

Casein kinase-2 (CK-2) is a ubiquitous Ser/Thr specific protein kinase that recognizes phosphorylatable residues located upstream of acidic determinants, its consensus sequence being Ser(Thr)-Xaa-Xaa-Acidic. Here we show that the phosphotetrapeptide AcSer(P)-Ser(P)-Ser-Ser(P), which is devoid of the canonical consensus sequence, is nevertheless phosphorylated by CK-2 with rates comparable to that of typical peptide substrates Ser-Glu-Glu-Glu-Glu-Glu and Arg-Arg-Arg-Glu-Glu-Glu-Thr-Glu-Glu-Glu routinely employed for assaying CK-2 activity. The phosphopeptide AcSer(P)-Ser-Ser(P) [but not Ac-Ser-Ser(P)-Ser(P) or AcSer(P)-Ser(P)-Ser] is also phosphorylated albeit less efficiently than AcSer(P)-S..

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University of Melbourne Researchers