Emergence of Brucella suis in dogs in New South Wales, Australia: clinical findings and implications for zoonotic transmission
Siobhan M Mor, Anke K Wiethoelter, Amanda Lee, Barbara Moloney, Daniel R James, Richard Malik
BMC VETERINARY RESEARCH | BMC | Published : 2016
BACKGROUND: Animal reservoirs of brucellosis constitute an ongoing threat to human health globally, with foodborne, occupational and recreational exposures creating opportunities for transmission. In Australia and the United States, hunting of feral pigs has been identified as the principal risk factor for human brucellosis due to Brucella suis. Following increased reports of canine B. suis infection, we undertook a review of case notification data and veterinary records to address knowledge gaps about transmission, clinical presentation, and zoonotic risks arising from infected dogs. RESULTS: Between 2011 and 2015, there was a 17-fold increase in the number of cases identified (74 in total)..View full abstract
The authors wish to thank Kelli Johnson and Sally Spence (NSW DPI) for assistance with the canine data and Peter West (NSW DPI) for sharing data on feral pigs from NSW DPI pest surveys. Richard Malik's position is supported by the Valentine Charlton Bequest to the Centre for Veterinary Education.