Suppressor of Cytokine Signaling (SOCS) 1 Inhibits Type I Interferon (IFN) Signaling via the Interferon alpha Receptor (IFNAR1)-associated Tyrosine Kinase Tyk2
Rebecca AR Piganis, Nicole A De Weerd, Jodee A Gould, Christian W Schindler, Ashley Mansell, Sandra E Nicholson, Paul J Hertzog
JOURNAL OF BIOLOGICAL CHEMISTRY | AMER SOC BIOCHEMISTRY MOLECULAR BIOLOGY INC | Published : 2011
Type I IFNs are critical players in host innate and adaptive immunity. IFN signaling is tightly controlled to ensure appropriate immune responses as imbalance could result in uncontrolled inflammation or inadequate responses to infection. It is therefore important to understand how type I IFN signaling is regulated. Here we have investigated the mechanism by which suppressor of cytokine signaling 1 (SOCS1) inhibits type I IFN signaling. We have found that SOCS1 inhibits type I IFN signaling not via a direct interaction with the IFN α receptor 1 (IFNAR1) receptor component but through an interaction with the IFNAR1-associated kinase Tyk2. We have characterized the residues/regions involved in..View full abstract
This work was supported by funding from the National Health and Medical Research Council and the Victorian Government Infrastructure Support Program.