Journal article

The New Zealand Index of Neighbourhood Social Fragmentation: integrating theory and data

Vivienne Ivory, Karen Witten, Clare Salmond, En-Yi Lin, Ru Quan You, Tony Blakely

Environment and Planning A Economy and Space | SAGE PUBLICATIONS INC | Published : 2012

Abstract

We report on the development and validation of a neighbourhood measure of social fragmentation. Firstly, we developed a theoretical model of neighbourhood-level social fragmentation, as the structural antecedent to collective social functioning, with three domains (attachment, resources, and means of sharing of norms and values). Secondly, utilising the New Zealand 1996 and 2001 Censuses, variables were constructed to create the New Zealand Index of Neighbourhood Social Fragmentation (NeighFrag) at the small-area level. Nine census variables contributed substantively to a principal components analysis: homeownership, mobility, marital status, nonfamily households, single-person households, c..

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