Review article: the practical management of acute severe ulcerative colitis.
D Seah, P De Cruz
Alimentary Pharmacology & Therapeutics | Published : 2016
BACKGROUND: Acute severe ulcerative colitis (ASUC) is a life-threatening condition for which optimal management strategies remain ill-defined. AIM: To review the evidence regarding the natural history, diagnosis, monitoring and treatment of ASUC to inform an evidence-based approach to management. METHODS: Relevant articles addressing the management of ASUC were identified from a search of MEDLINE, the Cochrane Library and conference proceedings. RESULTS: Of ASUC, 31-35% is steroid-refractory. Infliximab and ciclosporin salvage therapies have improved patient outcomes in randomised controlled trials. Short-term response rates (within 3 months) have ranged from 40% - 54% for ciclosporin and 46..View full abstract