Journal article

The human cytotoxic T cell granule serine protease granzyme H has chymotrypsin-like (chymase) activity and is taken up into cytoplasmic vesicles reminiscent of granzyme B-containing endosomes

HM Edwards, CM Kam, JC Powers, JA Trapani

Journal of Biological Chemistry | AMER SOC BIOCHEMISTRY MOLECULAR BIOLOGY INC | Published : 1999

Abstract

Serine proteases (granzymes) contained within the cytoplasmic granules of cytotoxic T cells and natural killer cells play a variety of roles including the induction of target cell apoptosis, breakdown of extracellular matrix proteins and induction of cytokine secretion by bystander leukocytes. Different granzymes display proteolytic specificities that mimic the activities of trypsin or chymotrypsin, or may cleave substrates at acidic ("Asp-ase") or at long unbranched amino acids such as Met ("Met-ase"). Here, we report that recombinant granzyme H has chymotrypsin-like (chymase) activity, the first report of a human granzyme with this proteolytic specificity. Recombinant 32-kDa granzyme H exp..

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