Journal article

In vivo studies support the role of trafficking and cytoskeletal-binding motifs in the interaction of MESA with the membrane skeleton of Plasmodium falciparum-infected red blood cells

Casilda G Black, Nicholas I Proellocks, Lev M Kats, Brian M Cooke, Narla Mohandas, Ross L Coppel

Molecular and Biochemical Parasitology | ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV | Published : 2008

Abstract

In red blood cells (RBCs) infected with the malaria parasite Plasmodium falciparum, a 19-residue region of the mature parasite-infected erythrocyte surface antigen (MESA) associates with RBC cytoskeleton protein 4.1R; an interaction essential for parasite survival. This region in MESA is adjacent to a host targeting motif found in other malaria parasite proteins exported to the membrane skeleton. To demonstrate function of these motifs in vivo, regions of MESA fused to a reporter were expressed in malaria parasites. Immunochemical analyses confirmed the requirement for both motifs in the trafficking and interaction of MESA with the cytoskeleton and demonstrates their function in vivo.