Activation of p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase is critical step for acquisition of effector function in cytokine-activated T cells, but acts as a negative regulator in T cells activated through the T-cell receptor.
Ching Li, Paul Beavis, Andrew C Palfreeman, Parisa Amjadi, Alan Kennedy, Fionula M Brennan
Immunology | Published : 2011
Peripheral blood CD4(+) CD45RO(+) T cells activated in vitro are able to induce expression of tumour necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) in monocytes via a contact-dependent mechanism. Activation is achieved either with interleukin-2 (IL-2)/IL-6/TNF-α over an 8-day period or cross-linking CD3 using anti-CD3 antibody for 48 hr. In this paper, we show that the p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) signalling pathway played different roles in the generation of effector function in these two types of activated T cells. In anti-CD3 activated T cells, p38 MAPK is a negative regulator for anti-CD3 induced cell proliferation and has no significant effect on the acquisition of either the effector functio..View full abstract