Superheating of ice crystals in antifreeze protein solutions.
Yeliz Celik, Laurie A Graham, Yee-Foong Mok, Maya Bar, Peter L Davies, Ido Braslavsky
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America | Published : 2010
It has been argued that for antifreeze proteins (AFPs) to stop ice crystal growth, they must irreversibly bind to the ice surface. Surface-adsorbed AFPs should also prevent ice from melting, but to date this has been demonstrated only in a qualitative manner. Here we present the first quantitative measurements of superheating of ice in AFP solutions. Superheated ice crystals were stable for hours above their equilibrium melting point, and the maximum superheating obtained was 0.44 degrees C. When melting commenced in this superheated regime, rapid melting of the crystals from a point on the surface was observed. This increase in melting temperature was more appreciable for hyperactive AFPs c..View full abstract