Journal article

Connecting external knowledge usage and firm performance: An empirical analysis

Hari Bapuji, David Loree, Mary Crossan

Journal of Engineering and Technology Management | ELSEVIER | Published : 2011

Abstract

Prior research suggests that firms create breakthrough innovations by using external knowledge, but it also underscores the difficulties firms face in acquiring and applying external knowledge. In this paper, we combine these insights to examine the conditions under which external knowledge usage will either enhance or erode firm performance. In particular, we argue that high external knowledge usage has a negative effect on performance when firms enter multiple new product markets, but a positive effect on performance when firms using external knowledge have higher absorptive capacity. We find general support for our hypotheses, which we test using patent citation data from the global integ..

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University of Melbourne Researchers