Vortices and vortex lattices in quantum ferrofluids
AM Martin, NG Marchant, DHJ O'Dell, NG Parker
Journal of Physics: Condensed Matter | IOP Publishing | Published : 2017
The experimental realization of quantum-degenerate Bose gases made of atoms with sizeable magnetic dipole moments has created a new type of fluid, known as a quantum ferrofluid, which combines the extraordinary properties of superfluidity and ferrofluidity. A hallmark of superfluids is that they are constrained to rotate through vortices with quantized circulation. In quantum ferrofluids the long-range dipolar interactions add new ingredients by inducing magnetostriction and instabilities, and also affect the structural properties of vortices and vortex lattices. Here we give a review of the theory of vortices in dipolar Bose–Einstein condensates, exploring the interplay of magnetism with vo..View full abstract
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Awarded by Australian Research Council
Awarded by Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council
AMM acknowledges support from the Australian Research Council (Grant No. DP150101704), DOD acknowledges support from the Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council (Canada), and NGP acknowledges support from the Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (Grant No. EP/M005127/1). We thank Professor A L Fetter for providing extensive feedback regarding this review.