WT1: what has the last decade told us?
M Little, G Holmes, P Walsh
Bioessays | Published : 1999
When positionally cloned in late 1989, it was anticipated that mutations within the Wilms' tumour suppressor gene (WT1) would prove responsible for this common solid kidney cancer of childhood. Characterisation of the WT1 expression pattern and of the structure of the encoded protein isoforms and their mode of action has now spanned almost a decade. WT1 proteins act as nucleic acid-binding zinc finger-containing transcription factors involved in both transactivation and repression. These activities are facilitated and constrained by interactions with other proteins. Expression analyses and knockout mice indicate that WT1 protein plays a critical role in normal kidney and gonad development. S..View full abstract