Journal article

Herbicides and trace metals in urban waters in Melbourne, Australia (2011-12): concentrations and potential impact

Mayumi Allinson, Pei Zhang, AnhDuyen Bui, Jackie H Myers, Vincent Pettigrove, Gavin Rose, Scott A Salzman, Robert Walters, Graeme Allinson

Environmental Science and Pollution Research | Springer | Published : 2017


Urban stormwater samples were collected from five aquatic systems in Melbourne, Australia, on six occasions between October 2011 and March 2012 and tested for 30 herbicides and 14 trace metals. Nineteen different herbicides were observed in one or more water samples from the five sites; chemicals observed at more than 40% of sites were simazine (100%), MCPA (83%), diuron (63%) and atrazine (53%). Using the toxicity unit (TU) concept to assess potential risk to aquatic ecosystems, none of the detected herbicides were considered to pose an individual, group or collective short-term risk to fish or zooplankton in the waters studied. However, 13 herbicides had TU values suggesting they might hav..

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University of Melbourne Researchers


Awarded by Department of Primary Industries

Funding Acknowledgements

The research was supported by the then Department of Primary Industries (project nos. 08160 and 06889), Melbourne Water, and by the Centre for Aquatic Pollution, Identification and Management (CAPIM). At the time of this study, CAPIM received foundation funding from The Victorian Science Agenda Investment Fund managed by the Department of Business and Innovation (DBI) ( with additional funding from Melbourne Water, Department of Primary Industries (Victoria) and Environment Protection Authority (Victoria). GA thanks the RMIT Foundation for an International Research Exchange Fellowship and Dr Judy Blackbeard (Melbourne Water) for supporting this project.