Journal article

Flutamide-induced hypospadias in rats: A critical assessment

Adriane Watkins Sinclair, Mei Cao, Andrew Pask, Laurence Baskin, Gerald R Cunha

Differentiation | Elsevier | Published : 2017

Abstract

This paper provides the first detailed description of flutamide-induced hypospadias in the rat based upon wholemount, histologic, three-dimensional reconstruction, scanning electron microscopic, and immunocytochemical analysis. The penile malformations elicited by this potent anti-androgen include a substantial proximal shift in the urethral meatus that clearly conforms to the definition of hypospadias based upon specific morphological criteria for this malformation. Through examination of the normal penile development and flutamide-induced abnormal penile development observed in prenatally oil- and flutamide-treated rats, our analysis provides insights into the morphogenetic mechanism of de..

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University of Melbourne Researchers