Consequences of evolutionary transitions in changing photic environments
Simon M Tierney, Markus Friedrich, William F Humphreys, Theresa M Jones, Eric J Warrant, William T Wcislo
Austral Entomology | Wiley | Published : 2017
Light represents one of the most reliable environmental cues in the biological world. In this review we focus on the evolutionary consequences to changes in organismal photic environments, with a specific focus on the class Insecta. Particular emphasis is placed on transitional forms that can be used to track the evolution from (1) diurnal to nocturnal (dim‐light) or (2) surface to subterranean (aphotic) environments, as well as (3) the ecological encroachment of anthropomorphic light on nocturnal habitats (artificial light at night). We explore the influence of the light environment in an integrated manner, highlighting the connections between phenotypic adaptations (behaviour, morphology, ..View full abstract
This collaboration was facilitated by a symposium and workshop funded by a Research Seeding Grant from the Australian Entomological Society, awarded to S. M. T. We thank Steve Cooper for helpful comments on a draft manuscript and Dan-Eric Nilsson for the use of his artwork. This paper is dedicated to the memory of Charles Duncan Michener, 1918-2015.