Journal article

Identifying the consequences of ocean sprawl for sedimentary habitats

Eliza C Heery, Melanie J Bishop, Lincoln P Critchley, Ana B Bugnot, Laura Airoldi, Mariana Mayer-Pinto, Emma V Sheehan, Ross A Coleman, Lynette HL Loke, Emma L Johnston, Valeriya Komyakova, Rebecca L Morris, Elisabeth MA Strain, Larissa A Naylor, Katherine A Dafforn

Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology | Elsevier | Published : 2017

Abstract

Extensive development and construction in marine and coastal systems is driving a phenomenon known as “ocean sprawl”. Ocean sprawl removes or transforms marine habitats through the addition of artificial structures and some of the most significant impacts are occurring in sedimentary environments. Marine sediments have substantial social, ecological, and economic value, as they are rich in biodiversity, crucial to fisheries productivity, and major sites of nutrient transformation. Yet the impact of ocean sprawl on sedimentary environments has largely been ignored. Here we review current knowledge of the impacts to sedimentary ecosystems arising from artificial structures. Artificial structu..

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Grants

Awarded by National Science Foundation through University of Washington's Integrative Graduate Education and Research Traineeship


Awarded by ARC Linkage Grant


Awarded by project MERMAID (EU FP7 - Ocean)


Awarded by Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC)


Awarded by Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council


Awarded by Natural Environment Research Council


Funding Acknowledgements

Heery was funded by the National Science Foundation through University of Washington's Integrative Graduate Education and Research Traineeship (NSF DGE-1068839). Bishop and Critchley received support from the NSW Office of Environment and Heritage through the Coastal Processes and Responses Node of the NSW Adaptation Hub. Dafforn, Johnston, Mayer-Pinto, and Bugnot were supported by an ARC Linkage Grant (LP140100753) awarded to Dafforn & Johnston. This is SIMS publication number 182. Airoldi was supported from projects MERMAID (EU FP7 - Ocean - 2011 - 288710) and "TETRIS - Observing, modelling and Testing synergies and TRade-offs for the adaptive management of multiple Impacts in coastal Systems" (PRIN 2011, Italian Ministry of Education, University and Research). Komyakova received support from Holsworth Wildlife Research Endowment awarded by Equity Trustees. Strain was supported by The Ian Potter Foundation and The New South Wales Government Office of Science and Research. Naylor was funded by the Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC) EP/N508792/1. We are grateful to Louise Firth, for introducing and assembling the co-authors on this paper at the 2015 Aquatic Biodiversity and Ecosystems Conference in Liverpool, UK. [SES]