Journal article

Nigropallidal encephalomalacia in horses grazing Rhaponticum repens (creeping knapweed).

CRB Elliott, CI McCowan

Australian Veterinary Journal | Published : 2012


Nigropallidal encephalomalacia was diagnosed in two horses in northern Victoria that had a history of long-term pasture access to a dense growth of Rhaponticum repens. The region in which the affected horses lived had received well above average rainfall for several months preceding the poisoning. Affected horses had sudden onset of subcutaneous oedema of the head, impaired prehension and mastication, dullness, lethargy and repeated chewing-like jaw movements. Diagnosis was confirmed at necropsy, with characteristic malacic lesions in the substantia nigra and globus pallidus of the brain. This is the first documented case of nigropallidal encephalomalacia in Australian horses associated with..

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University of Melbourne Researchers