Journal article

Dimeric but not monomeric alpha-lactalbumin potentiates apoptosis by up regulation of ATF3 and reduction of histone deacetylase activity in primary and immortalised cells

Julie A Sharp, Amelia J Brennan, Galina Polekhina, David B Ascher, Christophe Lefevre, Kevin R Nicholas

CELLULAR SIGNALLING | ELSEVIER SCIENCE INC | Published : 2017

Abstract

α-lactalbumin is a protein of dual function found in milk of most mammals. α-lactalbumin binds β-1,4-galactosyltransferase to form the regulatory subunit for lactose synthesis and has also been shown to cause cell death. This study shows, for the first time, that α-lactalbumin isolated in a rare 28kDa dimeric form induces cell death, while 14kDa monomeric α-lactalbumin is inactive. In contrast to the casein derived and chemically induced α-lactalbumin variants, MAL and HAMLET/BAMLET, the effects of 28kDa α-lactalbumin are calcium independent and, unlike MAL and HAMLET, 28kDa α-lactalbumin dimer causes cell death of primary mammary cells and a variety of immortalised cell lines, which are com..

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