Journal article

The Impact of School Suspension on Student Tobacco Use: A Longitudinal Study in Victoria, Australia, and Washington State, United States

Sheryl A Hemphill, Jessica A Heerde, Todd I Herrenkohl, John W Toumbourou, Richard F Catalano

Health Education & Behavior | SAGE PUBLICATIONS INC | Published : 2012

Abstract

CONTEXT: School suspension may have unintended consequences in contributing to problem behaviors, including dropping out from school, substance use, and antisocial behavior. Tobacco use is an early-onset problem behavior, but prospective studies of the effects of suspension on tobacco use are lacking. METHOD: Longitudinal school-based survey of students drawn as a two-stage cluster sample, administered in 2002 and 2003, in Washington State, United States, and Victoria, Australia. The study uses statewide representative samples of students in Grades 7 and 9 (N = 3,599). RESULTS: Rates of tobacco use were higher for Victorian than Washington State students. School suspension remained a predict..

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