Journal article

Mechanisms of the deep, slow-wave, sleep-related increase of upper airway muscle tone in healthy humans

Amelia Hicks, Jennifer M Cori, Amy S Jordan, Christian L Nicholas, Leszek Kubin, John G Semmler, Atul Malhotra, David GP McSharry, John A Trinder

JOURNAL OF APPLIED PHYSIOLOGY | AMER PHYSIOLOGICAL SOC | Published : 2017

Abstract

Upper airway muscle activity is reportedly elevated during slow-wave sleep (SWS) when compared with lighter sleep stages. To uncover the possible mechanisms underlying this elevation, we explored the correlation between different indices of central and reflex inspiratory drive, such as the changes in airway pressure and end-expiratory CO2 and the changes in the genioglossus (GG) and tensor palatini (TP) muscle activity accompanying transitions from the lighter N2 to the deeper N3 stage of non-rapid eye movement (NREM) sleep in healthy young adult men. Forty-six GG and 38 TP continuous electromyographic recordings were obtained from 16 men [age: 20 ± 2.5 (SD) yr; body mass index: 22.5 ± 1.8 k..

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