Journal article

Distinguishing between level and impact of rumination as predictors of depressive symptoms: An experience sampling study

Irina Pasyugina, Peter Koval, Jozefien De Leersnyder, Batja Mesquita, Peter Kuppens

Cognition & Emotion | ROUTLEDGE JOURNALS, TAYLOR & FRANCIS LTD | Published : 2015

Abstract

Rumination--repetitively thinking about one's emotional state, its causes and consequences--exacerbates negative mood and plays an important role in the aetiology and maintenance of depression. Yet, it is unclear whether increased vulnerability to depression is associated with simply how much a person ruminates, or the short-term impact rumination has on a person's negative mood. In the current study, we distinguish between the level versus the impact of rumination, and we examine how each uniquely predicts changes in depressive symptoms over time in an undergraduate sample. Using experience sampling, we assessed students' (N = 101) subjective experiences of positive and negative affect and ..

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Grants

Awarded by KU Leuven Research Council


Funding Acknowledgements

We are grateful to Jasmien Stevens for her help with the data collection. This research was supported by KU Leuven Research Council [grant numbers OT/11/031 and GOA/10/02], and by a grant from the FWO to the final author.