Journal article

A meta-analysis of published literature on waist-to-hip ratio and risk of breast cancer

BS Connolly, C Barnett, KN Vogt, T Li, J Stone, NF Boyd

Nutrition and Cancer | ROUTLEDGE JOURNALS, TAYLOR & FRANCIS LTD | Published : 2002

Abstract

Epidemiological studies have identified body weight as a risk factor for breast cancer. Beyond the amount of adipose tissue a woman has, its distribution, particularly abdominally, may be a risk factor in breast cancer etiology. Body fat distribution is commonly measured by a waist-to-hip circumference ratio lpar;WHR). We performed a meta-analysis to summarize the published literature on WHR and breast cancer risk. After assembling all published studies, we extracted mean WHRs for study participants and adjusted risk estimates comparing highest with lowest partition of WHR and calculated weighted mean differences in WHR between cases and noncases and summary risk estimates based on study des..

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